Standard treatments for ED include lifestyle changes, such as exercising, losing weight, stopping smoking, or curbing alcohol intake. Medications like Viagra, Cialis, or Levitra increase blood flow to the penis, but can cause nasal congestion, headache, upset stomach, and vision changes. Men who have experienced a stroke, have uncontrolled diabetes, or suffer low blood pressure should not take ED medications.
-Testosterone replacement and erection-inducing injections are also available, but side effects may include acne, breast enlargement, increased urination, aching in the penis, and scarring.
-Non-drug treatments for ED include penis pumps, penile implants, and blood vessel surgery. A pump is used right before intercourse to pull blood into the penis. However, this method can cause bruising. Implants must be surgically inserted into the penis, but then can be inflated when necessary. Risks include those typically associated with surgery, such as infections.
-Blood vessel surgery is recommended only when leaking vessels cause ED. Even though all these methods may help some men, natural alternatives can be just as effective, but less invasive.