Angioplasty and Stent Implantation

Angioplasty is a widely used procedure that is performed for patients with cardiovascular disease. The procedure involves inserting a medical device, such as a balloon, into your heart to open the heart artery narrowed by plaque. It may involve placement of a stent (mesh tube) to help keep the vessel open. The stent may be coated with medicine.
Heart disease treated with angioplasty usually provides rapid relief of symptoms such as chest pain and/or shortness of breath. The majority of patients return to regular life activities without chest pain in a short time.
Angioplasty is used to:
-Restore blood flow to the affected area of the heart by treating narrowed coronary arteries
-Provide prompt relief of chest pain and/or shortness of breath after procedure
-Potentially reduce the risk of heart attack and prolong life compared to no treatment
Coronary Stents
Stents are tiny, expandable tubes made of metal mesh designed to open a blood vessel that is blocked by plaque. The angioplasty procedure opens the artery, and stents are placed and expanded to fit the size, shape and bend of the artery. The stent remains in the artery after the procedure to help keep the artery open. Over time, the artery wall heals around the stent.
There are two kinds of coronary artery stents.
-Bare-metal stents help keep the cleared artery open after angioplasty by supporting the artery wall after angioplasty. Bare-metal stents help to prevent the artery from re-narrowing.
-Photo of TAXUS Express Drug-Eluting StentDrug-coated stents are bare-metal stents with a special drug coating. These stents are also called drug-eluting stents, or DES. DES have the same support benefits as a bare-metal stent for keeping the artery open after angioplasty. In addition, the stent releases a drug over time to further reduce the chance of re-blockage.
Arteries commonly become blocked again about 7% of the time with drug-coated stents, compared to 25% for bare-metal stents.¹






The Ischemic Foot

The term “ischemic foot” refers to a lack of adequate arterial blood flow from the heart to the foot. There are a wide variety of possible causes for poor arterial circulation into the foot including arterial blockage from cholesterol deposits, arterial blood clots, arterial spasm, or arterial injury. The ischemic foot is also referred to as having arterial insufficiency, meaning there is not enough blood reaching the foot to provide the oxygen and nutrient needs required for the cells to continue to function.
Diagnosis
The result of insufficient blood supply to the foot can manifest itself in a variety of ways depending upon how severe the impairment to circulation. Early symptoms may include cold feet, purple or red discoloration of the toes, or muscle cramping after walking short distances (intermittent claudication). Later findings may include a sore that won’t heal (ischemic ulcer), pain at night while resting in bed, or tissue death to part of the foot (gangrene).
The diagnosis of ischemia is made by reviewing the patient’s symptoms, examination of the foot, and special testing to evaluate the circulation. The examination should reveal cold skin temperature, and skin atrophy that causes the skin to appear shiny or paper thin with loss of normal hair on tops of the toes and on the lower leg. There is often a color change associated with ischemic feet.
Video: Ischemia






Regular Brushing Protects Against Stroke

They have found the most compelling evidence yet that cleaning and flossing helps to combat bacteria that can cause hardening of the arteries.
It means that those who brush their teeth for two minutes twice a day can dramatically slash their risk of developing heart disease or suffering a stroke.
Researchers from the Mailman School of Public Health at New York’s Columbia University studied the link between gum health and atherosclerosis – a potentially serious condition where the arteries are clogged with fatty substances, such as cholesterol.
Over the three-year study, the researchers found the more gum health improved among their volunteer patients, the healthier their arteries became.
Atherosclerosis is usually the cause of heart illness and strokes. It is thought the bacteria that builds up in teeth can lead to clots in the arteries and cause heart attacks.






5 Supertips to Clean Arteries and Veins!

Clogged arteries may lead to atherosclerosis, buildup of fats in and on your artery walls (plaques), which can restrict blood flow. If these plaques burst, you can get blood clots in your veins. To reduce the accumulation of plaque in your arteries and veins we invite you to follow the next tips:
1-Stop smoking immediately and get exercise most days of the week. Smoking damages your blood vessels and makes it harder for you to exercise. Exercise will help your blood circulation and help your body develop new blood vessels, thereby reducing the pressure on your already clogged vessels until these unclog. Engage in muscle-strengthening exercises such as push-ups, squats and sit-ups, in addition to cardiovascular exercise such as jogging, biking, walking, stair climbing and swimming.
2-Eat a healthy diet. Avoid hydrogenated fats, processed meals and bars, salty and sugary foods and all white-flour baked goods. Fruit, vegetables, water, nuts, whole-grain products and lean meats and fish should be the main staples of your diet. Cherries, strawberries, garlic, spinach, wild salmon, olive oil, green tea and sweet potatoes will help unclog your arteries naturally.
3-Lose weight and maintain your weight. If you’re overweight, losing as few as 5 to 10 pounds can help reduce your risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol, two of the major risk factors for developing atherosclerosis.
4-Ask your doctor about drugs to help unclog your arteries. Medications lowering bad cholesterol–low-density lipoprotein — and boasting the good kind–high-density lipoprotein–are available, in addition to anti-platelet medications, which will reduce your chances of developing blood clots in your veins.
5-Consider surgery if your arteries remain clogged. Choices include angioplasty, bypass surgery, thrombolytic therapy and endarterectomy.






Food That Dissolve Artery Plaque

Artery plaque, which is made of low-density lipoprotein or “bad” cholesterol as well as triglycerides, can cause serious health complications as it restricts blood flow to vital areas of your body. Common health concerns include heart attack and stroke. A high cholesterol and triglyceride level has no symptoms, making healthy eating and regular checkups essential in preventing heart, coronary or arterial disease. Some foods, however, can assist in removing plaque from your arteries.
For example:
Oats and Oat Bran
Regularly eating oats and oat bran can help to reduce your blood cholesterol by approximately 6 mg/dL within three months. Oats and oat bran are abundant in soluble fiber, which binds to cholesterol in the intestines. The low-density cholesterol is then eliminated from the body, forcing the liver to pull from its cholesterol reserves thereby reducing your overall cholesterol count.