Lowering LDL cholesterol is currently one of the primary public health initiatives preventing atherosclerosis and heart attacks. The benefits of lowering LDL cholesterol are:
Reducing or stopping the formation of new cholesterol plaques on the artery walls
Reducing existing cholesterol plaques on the artery walls and widening the arteries
Preventing the rupture of cholesterol plaques, which initiates blood clot formation and blocks blood vessels
Decreasing the risk of heart attacks
Decreasing the risk of strokes
Decreasing the risk of peripheral artery disease
The same measures that decrease narrowing in coronary arteries also may benefit the carotid and cerebral arteries (arteries that deliver blood to the brain) as well as the femoral arteries that supplies blood to the legs.